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Facts on education

Education in India
  • 44% of India's population are children.
  • India spends only 3.3 percent of its GDP on education, compared to an average 5.8 percent in developed countries.
  • GOI had made a commitment to spend 6% of GDP on education in 1968, however the highest spend made so far is 4% of GDP.
  • In India, 50% of children aged 6-18 do not go to school
  • Of the 32 million children that began school in 2004, less than half will complete the compulsory 8 years of education.
  • The common reasons given by 3 out of four drop-outs for leaving school are
    a) High cost of private education
    b) Need to work to support their families
    c) No interest in studies.
  • Dropout rates increase alarmingly in class III to V - its 50% for boys, 58% for girls.
  • Since 2001, the government’s flagship elementary education program, the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, has helped to bring some 20 million children into school; most of them are first-generation learners.
  • In India, education has been made free for children from 6 to 14 years of age (up to Class 8), under the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act 2009.
  • A study found that 65% of schoolchildren in Hyderabad slums attend private schools. This proves the fact that even the poorest in India go to private schools in spite of the free education in government schools.
  • 37% of secondary students fail, and 11% dropout before exam

WHAT IS GER?

The Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) or Gross Enrolment Index (GEI) is a statistical measure used in the education sector and by the United Nations in its education index. In the UN, the GER is calculated by taking into account the number of students enrolled in primary, secondary and tertiary levels of education, regardless of age, as a percentage of the population of official school age for the three levels.

 

  • Enrollment varies greatly between states, from 92% in Kerala, 44% in Tamil Nadu, 22% in Bihar, and 4% in Jharkhand.

Gross Enrolment Ratio in India
Primary Level - 92%
Higher Education - 12%
Secondary Level - 52%

SCHOOLS IN INDIA

There are 1.29 million schools in India of which less than 10% are private unaided schools. Private unaided schools provide 30% of total secondary enrollment nationwide (2004-05), up from 15% in 1993-94.

EDUCATION AND WOMEN IN INDIA

In India, 53% of girls in the age group of 5 to 9 years are illiterate. On average, women receive only 1.8 years of schooling in India.

RANDOM FACTS

There are over 774 million illiterate people in the world. India has the largest number of illiterate people - around 268 million (a whopping 35 % of the total) - who cannot read, write or make a reasoned decision.

NATIONAL EDUCATION POLICY

A policy on education was developed in 1986 under Late Shri Rajiv Gandhi. The 1986 policy was reviewed by a Committee constituted in 1990 under the chairmanship of Acharya Ramamurti. On the basis of the recommendations of this Committee, certain provisions of the 1986 policy were modified in 1992.
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  • Students listed for the year -  1126
  • Students who have started receiving funds -  255
  • Fees required for the year - Rs 6752500
  • Contributions received - Rs 1190000
  • Balance fees required for the year - Rs 5562500
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